Although hydrogen is the most abundant element on earth, it does not exist in nature in in its pure form and needs to be extracted from different (often very strong) molecules (e.g. water or hydrocarbons). This usually results in expensive (energy intensive) production economics. This report examines possible demand scenarios where hydrogen will be adopted as an energy carrier in various “new” applications and what it will take to actually produce this amount of hydrogen from an economic and market perspective. Conclusions are drawn on the realistic implementation of hydrogen as an energy carrier, especially in the transportation sector.
Results 11–13 of 13
The purpose of this report is to analyze developments in the biofuels industry, mostly related to land and marine transportation. This includes fuels for vehicles that utilize gasoline, diesel, or natural gas, and biobased functional and/or fungible replacements. The report examines the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing several biofuels that can be used to power cars, trucks, trains, and/or boats and ships.
The purpose of this report is to analyze developments in bio-based Jet fuel (or biojet) technologies. Jet fuel from bio-based materials or processes that is blended with conventional jet can improve the GHG profile of air travel. The purpose of this study is to assess the regulatory, technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing jet fuel via bio-based sources or processes.