This report offers a comprehensive techno-economic analysis of newly commercial and emerging methane pyrolysis technologies for the production of “turquoise” hydrogen, which can be produced from both fossil and renewable methane sources and produces a carbon byproduct that can be sequestered or displace existing fossil products. Technologies including thermal plasma, uncatalyzed pyrolysis, catalytic pyrolysis, molten metal/molten salt, and non-thermal plasma are covered, and key players within each major route have their technical maturity and processes profiled. Process economics are also provided for thermal plasma processes. The report also includes an analysis of turquoise hydrogen in the context of other low-carbon hydrogen routes.
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This report is techno-economic analysis of available technologies for the production of pipeline quality renewable natural gas. Major technologies covered at the cost of production level include biogas upgrading (via anaerobic digestion or landfill gas collection), SNG, CO2 reforming, and microbial electrosynthesis. Carbon intensity of these routes is compared and capacity maps for key regions are also included.
This report is techno-economic overview of available major licensable technologies for the production of renewable diesel, SAF, renewable naphtha, and renewable LPG via hydrotreating of vegetable oils. Major technologies covered include UOP Ecofining, Haldor Topsoe Hydroflex, Axens Vegan, Neste NExBTL and Sulzer Bioflux. The report compares economics for maximum renewable diesel mode and maximum SAF modes with both virgin and UCO feedstocks. A review and analysis of planned capacities to 2030 are included as well.
This report examines the technical, economic, and strategic aspects of thermal conversion (e.g., pyrolysis and hydrothermal treatment) technologies that are used to recycle mixed plastics waste. Selected developers of technologies were profiled and ranked under different criteria. The economic analysis of thermal conversion technologies, involving the production of feedstocks for olefins are provided for different geographic regions. In addition, the report includes an analysis of the plastic-based naphtha delivered cost competitiveness to Western Europe from the USGC, China, Japan, and Southeast Asia. An ethylene carbon intensity analysis is provided. Strategic and business considerations are also included in the report.
This report is an extensive techno-economic overview of available renewable ammonia technologies in the context of the radical decarbonization required for the ammonia industry to reach COP25 goals. Major technologies are covered in a modular fashion including hydrogen provision, ammonia conversion, nitrogen capture, and carbon capture and sequestration. The report benchmarks blue ammonia against green ammonia ventures in terms of carbon intensity and economic competitiveness. Blue ammonia models cover ATR and SMR routes in detail, including flue gas capture and including potential sensitivities of costs for geological sequestration dependent on distance, injection well depth, and terrain. Green ammonia models cover both full-rate production and evaluate claims of cost competitiveness under intermittent production against a wide variety of plant-gate ammonia pricing and electricity pricing scenarios using an innovative probabilistic methodology.
Analysis and forecast of supply and demand of the global fuel biodiesel market, including Methyl Ester (ME) biodiesel and Renewable Diesel (RD) from HVO and other “drop-in” processes. This report includes discussion regarding key market drivers and constraints, as well as supply, demand and trade analysis for nine regions: Asia Pacific, China, North America, South America, Western Europe, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa, with forecasts to 2035. Analysis includes ME biodiesel and RD, as well as first generation versus advanced (non-food crop derived) biodiesel, the development of governmental support mechanisms, and discussion of evolving feedstock use and availability. Pricing and cost competitiveness analysis is also included.
Analysis and forecast of supply and demand of the global fuel ethanol market. This report includes discussion regarding key market drivers and constraints, as well as supply, demand and trade analysis for nine regions: Asia Pacific, China, North America, South America, Western Europe, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa, with forecasts to 2035. Analysis, including first generation and advanced ethanol consumption, the development of governmental support mechanisms in the era of Net Zero emissions targets, feedstock issues and progress on cellulosic production, alongside pricing and cost competitiveness analysis, is also included by region.
Market Analytics: Refined Products - 2021 provides analysis of the global refined products market, including supply and demand projections taking into consideration the current structural transition. These include current and expected national net zero commitments, vehicle electrification, marine and aviation decarbonisation targets and biofuels developments. Products covered are LPG, naphtha, gasoline, jet fuel & other kerosene, diesel/gas oil and residual fuel oil.
This report is a technoeconomic and carbon intensity comparison analysis of biomethanol (via feedstock switching to biogas, gasification, and power-to-methanol) and potential downstream base chemical products (acetic acid, ethanol, ethylene, propylene, BTX, and gasoline) which form the backbone of the modern chemical industry in turn can be used to produce most conventional petrochemicals, and therefore “green” these value chains. Carbon intensity reductions are valorized in case study scenarios of carbon emissions prices, and break even carbon values are estimated on a regional basis.
This report provides analysis and forecast to 2035 of the global market for hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO), including the markets for renewable diesel, bio-based aviation fuel and bio-based naphtha. Market Insights: Hydrotreated Vegetable Oils – 2021 includes discussion regarding key market drivers and constraints, as well as demand analysis for nine regions: North America, South America, Western Europe, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Middle East, Africa, Asia Pacific, and China. Analysis also includes the competitive landscape, capacity listing and cost competitiveness along with a snapshot of latest pricing trends by region and price forecasts to 2035.