This report examines advanced recycling processes for recycling polyolefins, polystyrene, and polyethylene terephthalate. Profiles of the main companies that offer solvent purification, decomposition, and enzymatic hydrolysis processes are included. Cost estimates are presented to produce recycled PP, recycled PS, and recycled PET pellets from waste material, at USGC, Western Europe, China, and Japan locations. Global and regional PET, PE, PP, and PS/EPS market outlooks that could be targeted by mechanical and/or emerging recycling technologies are also provided.
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This report examines the various options for carbohydrate feedstocks. Technology analysis includes crop production and sugar production from carbohydrate crops. Economic Analysis includes cost of production models for sugars (4 corn dextrose models, 3 sugar beet sucrose models, and 4 sugarcane sucrose models in each region as regionally relevant) and crops in the US (2 corn models, sugarbeet, sugarcane), Western Europe (wheat, corn, sugarbeet), Brazil (2 corn models, 2 sugarcane models), Asia (2 corn models in China, and Sugarcane in India). A regional supply analysis is also included. Expected contract pricing for sugars and utilizable intermediates (e.g., thick juice) is also provided.
This report examines the main commercial processes for mechanically recycling polyethylene terephthalate, high density polyethylene, and polypropylene. Profiles of the main companies that offer mechanical recycling equipment for bottle-to-bottle processes are included. Cost estimates are presented to produce recycled PET, recycled HDPE, and recycled PP from waste material, at USGC, Western Europe, China, and Japan locations. Global recycled PET, recycled HDPE, and recycled PP market outlooks are also provided.
This report investigates oleaginous biofeedstocks for renewable chemicals and fuels. Descriptions of major oilseeds and crushing technologies to produce oils, as well as developmental natural oil sources are described. Regional cost of production models for oilseeds and crushing to produce oils are also included, as well as regional and country level production data.
The 2021 Cost Curve Analysis model for Ethylene - Polyethylene and Propylene - Polypropylene combines Nexant’s global plant capacity database and views on supply and demand with an extensive cost of production database and Nexant’s annual price forecasts developed for three oil scenarios. Delivered as an interactive spreadsheet, the model offers views of historical, current, and forecast cost competitiveness and profitability for the industry.
Propane dehydrogenation capacity continues to grow at much higher rates than traditional propylene production routes. This report covers major technology licensors and their latest PDH process offerings and includes production economics prepared on a USGC, Western Europe, Middle East, and China basis. Global and regional propylene supply and demand are provided.
A study of the supply chain and processing of commoditized spherical graphite, conductive carbon black, and other advanced carbon materials used in lithium-ion batteries. Examines both natural graphite and synthetic graphite value chains as well as acetylene black. Strategic outlook for graphite is examined in the context of public policy for environmental protection from the perspective of climate change and fluoride pollution, as well as changes in supply chain, changes in battery technology, and battery-electric vehicles.
This report analyzes the technoeconomic developments in biodegradable technologies. Relevant commercial technologies processes and high level economics are presented. Impacts on the conventional industry, trends and drivers are also discussed.
For achieving “net-zero” emissions by 2050 for constraining global temperature rise to 1.5 to 2.0 degrees Celsius (°C), negligible or minimal (low) carbon hydrogen is receiving much attention. Different types of hydrogen are based on a color palette defined by environmental footprint and impact include grey, blue, green, brown, and others. Blue hydrogen projects are a major enabler for achieving “net-zero” emissions. Viable pathways for producing blue hydrogen mainly consist of steam methane reforming (SMR) and Autothermal Reforming (ATR). These are advanced commercial technologies and processes which must be integrated with carbon capture and sequestration where national and state level subsidies or incentives are utilized.
This techno-economic report provides a review of the technology, chemistry, economics, and market analysis for ammonium nitrate. Commercial technologies for the production of ammonium nitrate are discussed, as well as development trends. Cost of production estimates were developed for various neutralization technologies (utilizing ammonia and nitric acid) as well as production of calcium ammonium nitrate and urea ammonium nitrate, for plants located in the USGC, China, and Western Europe. An overview of the major applications for ammonium nitrate is provided, along with analysis of the global ammonium nitrate capacity and demand forecast.