Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a commodity thermoplastic produced by the polymerization of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). This report covers processes by major licensors, cost of production, commercial applications, and market analysis of the PVC industry.
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This report offers a comprehensive techno-economic analysis of newly commercial and emerging methane pyrolysis technologies for the production of “turquoise” hydrogen, which can be produced from both fossil and renewable methane sources and produces a carbon byproduct that can be sequestered or displace existing fossil products. Technologies including thermal plasma, uncatalyzed pyrolysis, catalytic pyrolysis, molten metal/molten salt, and non-thermal plasma are covered, and key players within each major route have their technical maturity and processes profiled. Process economics are also provided for thermal plasma processes. The report also includes an analysis of turquoise hydrogen in the context of other low-carbon hydrogen routes.
The purpose of this report is to analyze developing technologies for the production of biosurfactants. Technical and economic aspects of producing biosurfactants are explored in detail including cost of production models for key technologies. Production capacity developments, drivers for development, and commercialization obstacles are also explored.
This report examines technical, commercial and economic aspects of producing BTX aromatics, particularly para-xylene, which is the principal co-monomer for PET used in the production of fibers and bottles. Major technologies covered at the cost of production level include catalytic fast pyrolysis, catalytic reforming of carbohydrates, cycloaddition of furans, catalytic conversion of iso-butanol to para-xylene, enhanced FCC of renewable feedstocks, renewable methanol-to-aromatics (MTA), rLPG-to-aromatics, bioethanol-to-aromatics (ETA).
This report is techno-economic analysis of available technologies for the production of pipeline quality renewable natural gas. Major technologies covered at the cost of production level include biogas upgrading (via anaerobic digestion or landfill gas collection), SNG, CO2 reforming, and microbial electrosynthesis. Carbon intensity of these routes is compared and capacity maps for key regions are also included.
This report is techno-economic overview of available major licensable technologies for the production of renewable diesel, SAF, renewable naphtha, and renewable LPG via hydrotreating of vegetable oils. Major technologies covered include UOP Ecofining, Haldor Topsoe Hydroflex, Axens Vegan, Neste NExBTL and Sulzer Bioflux. The report compares economics for maximum renewable diesel mode and maximum SAF modes with both virgin and UCO feedstocks. A review and analysis of planned capacities to 2030 are included as well.
Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), one of a number of engineering thermoplastics (ETPs), is a partly crystalline polymer well-suited for automotive and electrical/electronic applications since the polymer offers chemical resistance, high continuous-use temperatures, excellent electrical properties, outstanding dimensional stability, and good mechanical properties.
This report is an extensive techno-economic overview of available renewable ammonia technologies in the context of the radical decarbonization required for the ammonia industry to reach COP25 goals. Major technologies are covered in a modular fashion including hydrogen provision, ammonia conversion, nitrogen capture, and carbon capture and sequestration. The report benchmarks blue ammonia against green ammonia ventures in terms of carbon intensity and economic competitiveness. Blue ammonia models cover ATR and SMR routes in detail, including flue gas capture and including potential sensitivities of costs for geological sequestration dependent on distance, injection well depth, and terrain. Green ammonia models cover both full-rate production and evaluate claims of cost competitiveness under intermittent production against a wide variety of plant-gate ammonia pricing and electricity pricing scenarios using an innovative probabilistic methodology.
This TECH report provides an overview of the technological, economical and market aspects of carbon capture and sequestration, as well as climate landscape in terms of key policies and project status.