Propane dehydrogenation capacity continues to grow at much higher rates than traditional propylene production routes. This report covers major technology licensors and their latest PDH process offerings and includes production economics prepared on a USGC, Western Europe, Middle East, and China basis. Global and regional propylene supply and demand are provided.
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A study of the supply chain and processing of commoditized spherical graphite, conductive carbon black, and other advanced carbon materials used in lithium-ion batteries. Examines both natural graphite and synthetic graphite value chains as well as acetylene black. Strategic outlook for graphite is examined in the context of public policy for environmental protection from the perspective of climate change and fluoride pollution, as well as changes in supply chain, changes in battery technology, and battery-electric vehicles.
For achieving “net-zero” emissions by 2050 for constraining global temperature rise to 1.5 to 2.0 degrees Celsius (°C), negligible or minimal (low) carbon hydrogen is receiving much attention. Different types of hydrogen are based on a color palette defined by environmental footprint and impact include grey, blue, green, brown, and others. Blue hydrogen projects are a major enabler for achieving “net-zero” emissions. Viable pathways for producing blue hydrogen mainly consist of steam methane reforming (SMR) and Autothermal Reforming (ATR). These are advanced commercial technologies and processes which must be integrated with carbon capture and sequestration where national and state level subsidies or incentives are utilized.
This techno-economic report provides a review of the technology, chemistry, economics, and market analysis for ammonium nitrate. Commercial technologies for the production of ammonium nitrate are discussed, as well as development trends. Cost of production estimates were developed for various neutralization technologies (utilizing ammonia and nitric acid) as well as production of calcium ammonium nitrate and urea ammonium nitrate, for plants located in the USGC, China, and Western Europe. An overview of the major applications for ammonium nitrate is provided, along with analysis of the global ammonium nitrate capacity and demand forecast.
This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the sulfonation/sulfation technology used to produce surfactants, including the economics and markets. Commercial process technologies based on Desmet Ballestra Italy (DBI) and Chemithon licensed technology are assessed. Cost of production estimates of these production routes are included to illustrate the cost competitiveness of different sulfonated products in selected regions. A market review including regional sulfonation capacities and a discussion of supply and demand is also presented.
This techno-economic report reviews the chemistry and process technologies for general purpose polystyrene (GPPS), high impact polystyrene (HIPS), expandable polystyrene (EPS), and syndiotactic polystyrene (SPS). Processes from major technology developers are presented. Cost of production economics are presented for different GPPS, HIPS, and EPS processes for USGC, China, and Western Europe locations. Demand by end-use, capacity, and supply/demand/trade data is provided for global and major regional markets.
EPDM is produced by the polymerization of ethylene, propylene, and typically another monomer containing side-chain unsaturation such as ethylidene-5-norbornene-2 (ENB). It is produced by Ziegler-Natta or metallocene (includes single site or similar catalyst types) catalyzed solution processes, or a Zeigler-Natta catalyzed slurry process. EPDM has a fully saturated molecular backbone that provides excellent ozone resistance, weatherability and heat resistance properties, very good dielectric performance, and low temperature flexibility. This report includes an analysis of EPDMs markets, end-uses, and production technologies. Production economics were prepared for world-scale Ziegler-Natta solution, Metallocene solution, and Ziegler-Natta slurry processes. The economics were prepared for plants located in the U. S. Gulf Coast, Western Europe, and China Coast.
This techno-economic report reviews the chemistry, properties, technology, and development trends of styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) and polybutadiene rubber (BR). The report provides SBR economics for solution and emulsion technologies as well as economics for BR using neodymium and nickel catalysts in several different global locations (USGC, Western Europe, and China) under a consistent second quarter 2021 price scenario. An analysis of the ROI and investment attractiveness and historical cash costs are also provided. The report also offers and overview of SBR and BR consumption, capacity, and trade for global and major regional markets.
This TECH report focuses on the technology to sort and bale waste plastics from a Dry-Mixed Recyclables (DRM) or Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) stream for use by recyclers. This report provides details on screening, air separation, electromagnetic, eddy current and optical sorting technologies employed at Material Recovery Facilities (MRFs). The report provides an estimate of the cost of production for sorting of DMR for the U.S. and Western Europe. Major suppliers for sorting equipment and developing recycling technologies are profiled.
In this report, NexantECA comments on the motivations behind the recent oxo alcohol capacity additions and provides a high-level analysis of the business and strategic considerations as well as the conventional and bio-based technology availability from the perspective of a company entering or expanding into the oxo alcohol market. As nearly all the global capacity remains based on the conventional routes (as well as all announced capacity additions), the n-butanol, 2-EH, 2-PH and INA production costs via those routes for plants located in the United States, Western Europe, and China have been estimated for the second quarter of 2021. This analysis is underpinned by a review of end-use sector consumption as well as regional market dynamics.