This techno-economic report reviews the chemistry, properties, technology, and development trends of phenol, cumene, and acetone. The report provides phenol economics for conventional and Mitsui processes for several different global locations (USGC, Western Europe, China, Japan, and Southeast Asia) under a consistent first quarter 2020 price scenario. Economics for the alternative production of phenol via the hydroalkylation of benzene are also provided. Regional market analyses for cumene, phenol, and acetone are also included.
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This report comments on the motivations behind the recent maleic anhydride (MAN) capacity additions and provides a high-level analysis of the business and strategic considerations as well as the technology availability from the perspective of a company entering or expanding into this market. As over 70 percent of the global capacity and all the announced capacity additions are/will be based on the n-butane route, the cost of production via this route for plants located in the United States, Western Europe, the Middle East, and China has been estimated for the first quarter of 2020. This analysis is underpinned by a review of end-use sector consumption as well as regional market dynamics.
Carbon black production technologies, feedstock and process economics are discussed and evaluated. Detailed process economics for a selection of commercial ASTM N carbon black grades and specialty blacks such as acetylene and thermal blacks are provided. An overview of global and regional supply and demand of carbon black, as well as market applications by product grade is also included.
This report discusses the process technologies and production economics for purified terephthalic acid (PTA) which is commercially produced by the oxidation of para-xylene with air followed by purification and recovery/recycle of catalysts and solvents. Production economics for the United States, Middle East, and China are assessed and regional market analyses are also presented.
PBT, a commercially important engineering polymer, is commonly made by the direct esterification of purified terephthalic acid (PTA) with 1,4 butanediol (BDO), followed by polycondensation. This report includes an analysis of PBTs markets, end-uses, and production technologies. Production economics were prepared for world-scale continuous and batch production plants using composite PBT technologies; both routes from DMT and PTA were modelled. The analysis was prepared for plants located in the U. S. Gulf Coast, Western Europe, and Coastal China.
Thermoplastic polyolefin elastomers were developed over the past few decades as a means to bridge the gap between rubber and plastics using olefinic feedstocks. Covered in this report are in-situ TPOs, compounded TPOs, TPVs, Polyolefin Elastomers and Plastomers, and Olefin Block Copolymers.
This techno-economic report reviews the chemistry, properties, technology, and development trends of nitric acid. The report provides nitric acid economics for several different global locations (USGC, Western Europe, China, and India) under a consistent January 2019 price scenario. An analysis of the nitric acid ROI for stand-alone and ammonia-nitric acid facilities is also provided. The report also offers nitric acid reference lists for major licensors
The chemistry, process technology, and production economics for polycarbonate are assessed. Comparative economics are presented for interfacial, non-phosgene melt (DMC via oxidative carbonylation and via methanolysis of ethylene carbonate), phosgene melt, and isosorbide processes. A regional market overview is also included.
This report focuses on the approaches used by developers of Crude Oil to Chemicals (COTC) complexes currently being built, which is primarily through reconfiguration of existing bottom of the barrel and VGO conversion technologies to obtain petrochemical yields between 40 and 50 percent. The report discusses the different technology options, provides case studies for how they are implemented in projects operational or under construction, and contrasts the return on capital employed for COTC complexes versus “conventional” integrated refinery/petrochemical complexes. Lastly, the report discusses the impact of COTC projects on the refining and petrochemical markets.
An examination of the technologies and economics of cobalt refining, including examination of existing and novel methods of processing sedimentary copper-cobalt and laterite deposits for cobalt recovery. Coverage includes innovative acid leaching and refining processes as well as battery recycling. Strategic outlook for cobalt is discussed in context of economic modelling, resource geography, and policy changes in critical countries and trading forums.