This report examines the main commercial and developing processes for depolymerization of polyamide, polycarbonate, polyethylene terephthalate, polystyrene, polyurethane, and polymethyl methacrylate. Profiles of the main technology developers are also included. Cost estimates are presented to produce recycled monomers and corresponding plastics from waste material, at USGC, Western Europe, China, and Japan locations.
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Large-scale electrochemical energy storage (EES) is growing in importance, with commercialized technologies, declining costs, and integration with renewable power sources (e.g., solar PV and onshore/offshore wind) thereby becoming a greater part of overall power generation mix while reducing overall carbon footprint, achieving decarbonization targets, and enhancing global sustainability.
This report analyzes the technoeconomic developments in only commercial bioplastics technologies. Relevant commercial technologies processes and high level economics are presented. Impacts on the conventional industry, trends and drivers are also discussed.
This report analyzes the technoeconomic developments in bio-naphtha technologies. Commercial hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids (HEFA), Fischer-Tropsch (FT), and pyrolysis based processes and high level economics are presented. Upcoming biorefining project (that include bio-naphtha units) are analyzed. Impacts on the conventional industry, trends and drivers are also discussed.
This report analyzes the technoeconomic developments in the renewable power industry. Relevant technologies processes and construction are described and their comparative economics presented and analyzed. Impacts on the conventional power industry, trends and drivers are also discussed.
The purpose of this report is to analyze developments in first and next generation bioethanol technologies. Next generation bioethanol, includes both second generation and bolt-on technologies. The purpose of this study is to assess the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing first and next generation ethanol, and to investigate future capacity developments
The purpose of this study is to analyze developments in thermoplastic starch and thermoplastic starch blends as replacements for conventional petrochemical polymers. The report examines the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing thermoplastic starch and thermoplastic starch blends, and their relative costs by region against conventional polypropylene and HDPE.
An assessment of currently commercial and innovative pre-commercial processes in the nascent battery recycling sector. Examines whether the sector is likely to be dependent on tipping fees or producer responsibility transfer, or if sector can be profitable on metals basis with variation based on incoming battery mix. Strategic outlook for battery recycling is examined in context of economic modeling, current capacity buildup, current and future battery technology, and public policy.
This report investigates the various commercial and developmental routes for the production of renewable ethylene. Ethanol, bionaphtha, and methanol are all investigated as biofeedstocks for ethylene, as well as sugar and glycerin based routes directly to ethylene glycol. Cost of production models, process descriptions, capacity analysis and implications for the conventional industry are included.
This report analyzes developments in bio-based butanediol (BDO) technologies. BDO (both 1,4-BDO and 2,3-BDO) derived from bio-based materials or processes can be used as is or converted into a number of chemical products - potentially improving the GHG profile of the process. This study assesses the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing different isomers of BDO via bio-based sources or processes.