An assessment of currently commercial and innovative pre-commercial processes in the nascent battery recycling sector. Examines whether the sector is likely to be dependent on tipping fees or producer responsibility transfer, or if sector can be profitable on metals basis with variation based on incoming battery mix. Strategic outlook for battery recycling is examined in context of economic modeling, current capacity buildup, current and future battery technology, and public policy.
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This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the alkoxylation technology used to produce surfactants, including the economics, and markets for the production of ethoxylates. Commercial process technologies based on both the conventional stirred tank reactor system and representative loop reactor systems are discussed. Cost of production estimates of these production routes are included to illustrate the cost competitiveness of different ethoxylate products in selected regions. A market review including regional ethoxylation capacities and supply/demand figures is also presented.
This report analyzes developments in bio-based butanediol (BDO) technologies. BDO (both 1,4-BDO and 2,3-BDO) derived from bio-based materials or processes can be used as is or converted into a number of chemical products - potentially improving the GHG profile of the process. This study assesses the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing different isomers of BDO via bio-based sources or processes.
This techno-economic report reviews the chemistry, properties, technology, and development trends of polyisobutylene. The report provides polyisobutylene economics for several different global locations (USGC, Western Europe, China, and South Korea) under a consistent first half 2020 price scenario. An analysis of the ROI and investment attractiveness for polyisobutylene facilities is also provided. Regional market analysis for polyisobutylene is also included.
This report discusses the process technologies and economic considerations for tire pyrolysis, which is the thermal degradation of end-of-life tires to produce pyrolysis oil, pyrolysis gas, and char, which can be processed to produce recovered carbon black (rCB). The current status of the industry, and its potential outlook is discussed, as are production economics and viability in North America and Western Europe.
This report is a comprehensive account on technologies that utilize carbon dioxide. Technologies profiled include carbonates, urea, methanol, ethanol, cement, and others. Results of economic analysis and analysis of CO2 utilization potential are included.
This report comments on the motivations behind the recent maleic anhydride (MAN) capacity additions and provides a high-level analysis of the business and strategic considerations as well as the technology availability from the perspective of a company entering or expanding into this market. As over 70 percent of the global capacity and all the announced capacity additions are/will be based on the n-butane route, the cost of production via this route for plants located in the United States, Western Europe, the Middle East, and China has been estimated for the first quarter of 2020. This analysis is underpinned by a review of end-use sector consumption as well as regional market dynamics.
PBT, a commercially important engineering polymer, is commonly made by the direct esterification of purified terephthalic acid (PTA) with 1,4 butanediol (BDO), followed by polycondensation. This report includes an analysis of PBTs markets, end-uses, and production technologies. Production economics were prepared for world-scale continuous and batch production plants using composite PBT technologies; both routes from DMT and PTA were modelled. The analysis was prepared for plants located in the U. S. Gulf Coast, Western Europe, and Coastal China.
Thermoplastic polyolefin elastomers were developed over the past few decades as a means to bridge the gap between rubber and plastics using olefinic feedstocks. Covered in this report are in-situ TPOs, compounded TPOs, TPVs, Polyolefin Elastomers and Plastomers, and Olefin Block Copolymers.
An examination of the technologies and economics of cobalt refining, including examination of existing and novel methods of processing sedimentary copper-cobalt and laterite deposits for cobalt recovery. Coverage includes innovative acid leaching and refining processes as well as battery recycling. Strategic outlook for cobalt is discussed in context of economic modelling, resource geography, and policy changes in critical countries and trading forums.