Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a commodity thermoplastic produced by the polymerization of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). This report covers processes by major licensors, cost of production, commercial applications, and market analysis of the PVC industry.
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This report offers a comprehensive techno-economic analysis of newly commercial and emerging methane pyrolysis technologies for the production of “turquoise” hydrogen, which can be produced from both fossil and renewable methane sources and produces a carbon byproduct that can be sequestered or displace existing fossil products. Technologies including thermal plasma, uncatalyzed pyrolysis, catalytic pyrolysis, molten metal/molten salt, and non-thermal plasma are covered, and key players within each major route have their technical maturity and processes profiled. Process economics are also provided for thermal plasma processes. The report also includes an analysis of turquoise hydrogen in the context of other low-carbon hydrogen routes.
The purpose of this report is to analyze developing technologies for the production of biosurfactants. Technical and economic aspects of producing biosurfactants are explored in detail including cost of production models for key technologies. Production capacity developments, drivers for development, and commercialization obstacles are also explored.
This report examines the technical, economic, and strategic aspects of thermal conversion (e.g., pyrolysis and hydrothermal treatment) technologies that are used to recycle mixed plastics waste. Selected developers of technologies were profiled and ranked under different criteria. The economic analysis of thermal conversion technologies, involving the production of feedstocks for olefins are provided for different geographic regions. In addition, the report includes an analysis of the plastic-based naphtha delivered cost competitiveness to Western Europe from the USGC, China, Japan, and Southeast Asia. An ethylene carbon intensity analysis is provided. Strategic and business considerations are also included in the report.
Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), one of a number of engineering thermoplastics (ETPs), is a partly crystalline polymer well-suited for automotive and electrical/electronic applications since the polymer offers chemical resistance, high continuous-use temperatures, excellent electrical properties, outstanding dimensional stability, and good mechanical properties.
This report is an extensive techno-economic overview of available renewable ammonia technologies in the context of the radical decarbonization required for the ammonia industry to reach COP25 goals. Major technologies are covered in a modular fashion including hydrogen provision, ammonia conversion, nitrogen capture, and carbon capture and sequestration. The report benchmarks blue ammonia against green ammonia ventures in terms of carbon intensity and economic competitiveness. Blue ammonia models cover ATR and SMR routes in detail, including flue gas capture and including potential sensitivities of costs for geological sequestration dependent on distance, injection well depth, and terrain. Green ammonia models cover both full-rate production and evaluate claims of cost competitiveness under intermittent production against a wide variety of plant-gate ammonia pricing and electricity pricing scenarios using an innovative probabilistic methodology.
This TECH report provides an overview of the technological, economical and market aspects of carbon capture and sequestration, as well as climate landscape in terms of key policies and project status.
This techno-economic report reviews the chemistry, and properties, and analyses the process technologies required to produce BDO from six different fossil fuel-derived feedstocks and the development trends of 1,4-Butanediol (BDO). The economic analysis provides an overview of production costs for BDO as well as THF in different locations in 2Q 2022. An overview of the carbon intensity across three regions, the US, Western Europe, and China for the BDO production technologies is also presented. The market for BDO is analyzed on a global and regional basis with commentary made around the key market drivers historically and over the medium-term forecast.
This report is a comprehensive analysis of the polyester polyol industry. The analysis provides cost of production estimates for the major types of polyester polyols as well as formulations and estimated raw materials cost for varying feedstocks. To introduce the commercial aspect of the industry, a review of the market, applications and the overall value chain is made. A carbon intensity analysis including scope 1 and 2 emissions outlines the environmental impact of the technologies.
This report investigates the various developments in Green Solvents, and profiles and provides an index (NESSI – NexantECA Solvent Sustainability Index) of major solvents. Analysis on recent industry trends and developments are also provided.