This report examines the technical, economic, and strategic aspects of thermal conversion (e.g., pyrolysis and hydrothermal treatment) technologies that are used to recycle mixed plastics waste. Selected developers of technologies were profiled and ranked under different criteria. The economic analysis of thermal conversion technologies, involving the production of feedstocks for olefins are provided for different geographic regions. In addition, the report includes an analysis of the plastic-based naphtha delivered cost competitiveness to Western Europe from the USGC, China, Japan, and Southeast Asia. An ethylene carbon intensity analysis is provided. Strategic and business considerations are also included in the report.
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Monoethylene glycol (MEG) is the main derivative of ethylene oxide and is used to produce PET, which encompasses the fiber industry (textile and industrial applications) and the resin industry (packaging, film and bottles).
This report investigates the various developers producing biobased lactic acid and PLA. Relevant commercial technology processes and high-level economics are presented. Analysis on recent industry trends and developments are also provided.
This report reviews the chemistry, properties, both conventional and developing technologies, and development trends in polyethylene terephthalate (PET). The report provides bottle grade PET economics for four production processes across several global locations (USGC, Western Europe, Middle East, China, and Southeast Asia) and a historical economic analysis comparing conventional production to bio-based PET and recycled PET. An overview of PET melt phase and bottle grade demand and supply for global and major regional markets is included.
This report compares the various options for lowering carbon intensity of ethylene production via technoeconomic, carbon intensity, and strategic analysis. Regional cost and carbon intensity baselines, comparative carbon intensities (including breakdown and analysis by Scope 1, 2, and 3 Emissions) of decarbonization configurations, cost of productions, and impacts of carbon tax/credits on competitiveness (including break-even values) are analyzed across four regions: US, Brazil, China, and Western Europe. Additional regions/countries are available as an add-on.
This report examines advanced recycling processes for recycling polyolefins, polystyrene, and polyethylene terephthalate. Profiles of the main companies that offer solvent purification, decomposition, and enzymatic hydrolysis processes are included. Cost estimates are presented to produce recycled PP, recycled PS, and recycled PET pellets from waste material, at USGC, Western Europe, China, and Japan locations. Global and regional PET, PE, PP, and PS/EPS market outlooks that could be targeted by mechanical and/or emerging recycling technologies are also provided.
This report examines the main commercial processes for mechanically recycling polyethylene terephthalate, high density polyethylene, and polypropylene. Profiles of the main companies that offer mechanical recycling equipment for bottle-to-bottle processes are included. Cost estimates are presented to produce recycled PET, recycled HDPE, and recycled PP from waste material, at USGC, Western Europe, China, and Japan locations. Global recycled PET, recycled HDPE, and recycled PP market outlooks are also provided.
This report provides analysis and forecast to 2035 of the global recycled polyolefins market, including supply by mechanical method and chemical processes and demand by product and end use. Market Insights: Recycled Polyolefins - 2021 includes discussion regarding key market drivers and constraints, as well as demand analysis for nine regions: North America, South America, Western Europe, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Middle East, Africa, Asia Pacific, and China. Analysis also includes the competitive landscape, capacity listing and cost competitiveness along with a snapshot of latest pricing trends by region and price forecasts to 2035.Abstract:The EU tax of €800 per ton on virgin polymers used in packaging was introduced in January 2021. The EU tax will incentivise use of recycled material. From April 2022, the UK will introduce a similar plastic packaging tax of £200 per ton for packaging with less than 30% recycled content; however there will be an exemption for manufacturers and importers of less than 10 tons of plastic packaging per year. No other regions have yet followed.Plastics use in other applications has attracted no taxation so far. Use in personal protective equipment (PPE) somewhat redeemed the public perception of plastic during the COVID pandemic. Recent low oil prices have made recycling economics more challenging, and COVID-19 contamination concerns and labour restrictions have reduced collection and sorting capacity that is already structurally constrained.Limited availability of post consumer resin (PCR) is renewing interest in bio-feedstock and chemical process as a means to meet brand sustainability objectives. There are around 50 technologies currently under development for the conversion of waste plastics to basic hydrocarbons, ranging from solvents/waxes to synthetic crudes, transportation fuels and importantly cracker feedstock.The applications for mechanically recycled polyolefins are limited due to deteriorated properties although it can be improved to a certain extent by use of compatibilizers and blending with virgin material. For example, use in food packaging is prohibited by the EFSA and FDA regulations but increasing demand is found in stretch film for industrial and agricultural uses etc. Recycled polyolefins use in non-standard applications such as plastic lumber and will not erode virgin demand.A combination of legislation, taxes, consumer pressure/brand owner response drives growth in recycled polyolefins, which also depends on competitive economics and efficiency in resource recovery and greenhouse gas emissions. Adoption of a circular model for the plastics value chain is expected to be gradual.
This report provides analysis and forecast to 2035 of the global recycled polyester market, including supply by mechanical method and chemical processes (glycolysis and methanolysis/hydrolysis) and demand in bottle, fibre and others. Market Insights: Recycled Polyester - 2021 includes discussion regarding key market drivers and constraints, as well as demand analysis for nine regions: North America, South America, Western Europe, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Middle East, Africa, Asia Pacific, and China. Analysis also includes the competitive landscape, capacity listing and cost competitiveness along with a snapshot of latest pricing trends by region and price forecasts to 2035.
Plastics Recycling: Impact on the Polymers Industry in Asia Pacific – Volume I: China, Japan and Australia
This report examines the impact of the recycling of plastics on virgin plastics demand in Asia Pacific, with a focus on China, Japan and Australia. It also provides insight into the recycling value chain, including an analysis of the industry structure, key players and acquisitions. An overview of the recycling initiatives and players in South East Asia is also included.