For achieving “net-zero” emissions by 2050 for constraining global temperature rise to 1.5 to 2.0 degrees Celsius (°C), negligible or minimal (low) carbon hydrogen is receiving much attention. Different types of hydrogen are based on a color palette defined by environmental footprint and impact include grey, blue, green, brown, and others. Blue hydrogen projects are a major enabler for achieving “net-zero” emissions. Viable pathways for producing blue hydrogen mainly consist of steam methane reforming (SMR) and Autothermal Reforming (ATR). These are advanced commercial technologies and processes which must be integrated with carbon capture and sequestration where national and state level subsidies or incentives are utilized.
Results 1–10 of 43
This techno-economic report provides a review of the technology, chemistry, economics, and market analysis for ammonium nitrate. Commercial technologies for the production of ammonium nitrate are discussed, as well as development trends. Cost of production estimates were developed for various neutralization technologies (utilizing ammonia and nitric acid) as well as production of calcium ammonium nitrate and urea ammonium nitrate, for plants located in the USGC, China, and Western Europe. An overview of the major applications for ammonium nitrate is provided, along with analysis of the global ammonium nitrate capacity and demand forecast.
This report provides an overview of the chlor alkali process which yield chlorine and sodium hydroxide, covering markets, technology and process economics.
This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the caprolactam industry. In addition to conventional caprolactam production from cyclohexane and phenol, this report also includes coverage of processes using non-conventional feedstocks.The analysis provides cost of production estimates for commercial and developing technologies for caprolactam production, within the USGC, Western Europe and China regions. Market analysis and an industry overview are also included to illustrate the commercial aspect of the industry.
Renewable or green hydrogen is being developed as a working chemical for the renewable fuels and chemicals sector and as fuel for transportation and other applications. Production options explored for several global regions include thermochemical (biomass gasification), bio-methane reforming, electrolytic, and other, advanced pathways.
This techno-economic report reviews the chemistry, properties, technology, and development trends of nitric acid. The report provides nitric acid economics for several different global locations (USGC, Western Europe, China, and India) under a consistent January 2019 price scenario. An analysis of the nitric acid ROI for stand-alone and ammonia-nitric acid facilities is also provided. The report also offers nitric acid reference lists for major licensors
An examination of the technologies and economics of cobalt refining, including examination of existing and novel methods of processing sedimentary copper-cobalt and laterite deposits for cobalt recovery. Coverage includes innovative acid leaching and refining processes as well as battery recycling. Strategic outlook for cobalt is discussed in context of economic modelling, resource geography, and policy changes in critical countries and trading forums.
This report discusses the process technologies and production economics for ammonia. The different process routes offered by major licensors are reviewed and include technologies by KBR, Haldor Topsøe, thyssenkrupp, Casale, and Linde. Production economics for the United States, Middle East, India, and China are assessed and regional market overviews are presented.
This techno-economic report reviews the chemistry, properties, technology, and development trends of urea. The report provides urea economics for several different global locations (USGC, China, and India) under a consistent third quarter 2019 price scenario. Regional market analysis for urea is also included.
This techno-economic report focuses on cryogenic and non-cryogenic air separation technologies that separate air into commodity gases such as oxygen, nitrogen, and argon. Five players dominate the global market, but many regional suppliers also compete on a local level, providing consumers with many supply choices. The report profiles the major global licensors, describes cryogenic and non-cryogenic technologies to produce oxygen and nitrogen, provides process economics for different production routes, and summarizes commercial applications and market drivers for air separation gases.