This report provides a technical and economic review of processes to produce ethylene dichloride (EDC) and vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). Comparative economics are presented for the major production routes to EDC and VCM in various geographic locations. An analysis of carbon intensity as well as global and regional capacity by producer are provided.
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Carbon fiber is a high-value product whose exceptional properties (lightweight and high strength) make it an increasingly sought-after material. Although carbon fibers can be manufactured from various precursors, over 98 percent of the global supply is currently made from polyacrylonitrile (PAN) with pitch being the next most common precursor. The cost of production via those two routes for plants located in the United States, Western Europe, Japan and China has been estimated for the first quarter of 2023. NexantECA also provided a high-level analysis of the business and strategic considerations and commented on the technology availability from the perspective of a company entering or expanding into the carbon fiber market. Global carbon fiber and carbon nanotube capacities are also detailed.
The conventional and developing process and technology for producing adipic acid (ADA) are presented. Cost of production estimates have been developed for 5 conventional technologies and 1 speculative technology for USGC, Western Europe and China, including 4 upstream integrated cases. Carbon intensity (scope 1 and 2) as a result of ADA production in USGC, Western Europe and China, as well as the cost of abatement technologies are also covered. Global capacity by producer and technology are provided.
The 2022 Custom Cost Curve Analysis model for Propylene Oxide and Propylene Glycol combines NexantECA’s global plant capacity database and views on supply and demand with an extensive cost of production database and NexantECA’s annual price forecasts developed for three oil scenarios. Delivered as an interactive spreadsheet, the model offers views of historical PO and PG cost competitiveness and profitability on a quarterly basis, and forecast cost competitiveness and profitability on an annual basis.
This report examines fabrication technologies for producing blown film, cast film, and bi-axially oriented films (e.g., BOPP, BOPET, and PLA). Technology trends and applications are also provided for these three fabrication processes. Cost estimates are presented to produce blown film (mono-, 3- and 7- layer), cast film (3-layer), BOPP, and BOPET from virgin resin material, at USGC, Western Europe, and China locations. Global blown film and bi-axially oriented PP film market overviews with a historical breakdown by region are also provided.
This report provides an overview of the propylene oxide market, as well as conventional and emerging technologies for propylene oxide production. The report includes production cost estimates for six major commercial technologies in four different locations. An overview of the carbon intensity across three regions, the U.S., Western Europe and China for the propylene oxide technologies is also presented.
This report examines technical, commercial and economic aspects of producing BTX aromatics, particularly para-xylene, which is the principal co-monomer for PET used in the production of fibers and bottles. Major technologies covered at the cost of production level include catalytic fast pyrolysis, catalytic reforming of carbohydrates, cycloaddition of furans, catalytic conversion of iso-butanol to para-xylene, enhanced FCC of renewable feedstocks, renewable methanol-to-aromatics (MTA), rLPG-to-aromatics, bioethanol-to-aromatics (ETA).
The 2022 Custom Cost Curve Analysis model for Ethylene and Polyethylene combines NexantECA’s global plant capacity database and views on supply and demand with an extensive cost of production database and NexantECA’s annual price forecasts developed for three oil scenarios plus a custom oil scenario. Delivered as an interactive spreadsheet, the model offers views of historical, current, and forecast cost competitiveness and profitability for the industry with options for delivered and EXW cost curves as well as ethylene and olefins basis cost curves.
This report is an extensive techno-economic overview of available renewable ammonia technologies in the context of the radical decarbonization required for the ammonia industry to reach COP25 goals. Major technologies are covered in a modular fashion including hydrogen provision, ammonia conversion, nitrogen capture, and carbon capture and sequestration. The report benchmarks blue ammonia against green ammonia ventures in terms of carbon intensity and economic competitiveness. Blue ammonia models cover ATR and SMR routes in detail, including flue gas capture and including potential sensitivities of costs for geological sequestration dependent on distance, injection well depth, and terrain. Green ammonia models cover both full-rate production and evaluate claims of cost competitiveness under intermittent production against a wide variety of plant-gate ammonia pricing and electricity pricing scenarios using an innovative probabilistic methodology.
Monoethylene glycol (MEG) is the main derivative of ethylene oxide and is used to produce PET, which encompasses the fiber industry (textile and industrial applications) and the resin industry (packaging, film and bottles).