This report provides a technical review of commercial and developing technologies for reformate and benzene production. New developments, process descriptions and economics are included. Cost of production estimates for several reformate and benzene production processes are developed to illustrate the cost competitiveness in selected regions: USGC, China, Middle East, Southeast Asia, and South Korea. Commercial end-use applications, along with global and regional supply, demand, and trade data is also included.
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This report discusses the process technologies and production economics for acrylonitrile which is commercially produced by propylene ammoxidation. Production economics for the United States, Western Europe, Middle East, Southeast Asia, and China are assessed and regional market analyses are also presented.
This techno-economic report reviews the chemistry, properties, technology, and development trends of phenol, cumene, and acetone. The report provides phenol economics for conventional and Mitsui processes for several different global locations (USGC, Western Europe, China, Japan, and Southeast Asia) under a consistent first quarter 2020 price scenario. Economics for the alternative production of phenol via the hydroalkylation of benzene are also provided. Regional market analyses for cumene, phenol, and acetone are also included.
This report comments on the motivations behind the recent maleic anhydride (MAN) capacity additions and provides a high-level analysis of the business and strategic considerations as well as the technology availability from the perspective of a company entering or expanding into this market. As over 70 percent of the global capacity and all the announced capacity additions are/will be based on the n-butane route, the cost of production via this route for plants located in the United States, Western Europe, the Middle East, and China has been estimated for the first quarter of 2020. This analysis is underpinned by a review of end-use sector consumption as well as regional market dynamics.
Carbon black production technologies, feedstock and process economics are discussed and evaluated. Detailed process economics for a selection of commercial ASTM N carbon black grades and specialty blacks such as acetylene and thermal blacks are provided. An overview of global and regional supply and demand of carbon black, as well as market applications by product grade is also included.
This report discusses the process technologies and production economics for purified terephthalic acid (PTA) which is commercially produced by the oxidation of para-xylene with air followed by purification and recovery/recycle of catalysts and solvents. Production economics for the United States, Middle East, and China are assessed and regional market analyses are also presented.
Commercial technologies and trends for producing detergent alcohols are discussed in detail. Process economics for several technologies, including synthetic and fatty alcohols, have been developed (U.S., N.W. Europe, and South-East Asia bases). Regional market supply/demand and commercial applications are included.
This report focuses on the approaches used by developers of Crude Oil to Chemicals (COTC) complexes currently being built, which is primarily through reconfiguration of existing bottom of the barrel and VGO conversion technologies to obtain petrochemical yields between 40 and 50 percent. The report discusses the different technology options, provides case studies for how they are implemented in projects operational or under construction, and contrasts the return on capital employed for COTC complexes versus “conventional” integrated refinery/petrochemical complexes. Lastly, the report discusses the impact of COTC projects on the refining and petrochemical markets.
The chemistry, process technology, and production economics for linear alpha olefins are assessed. Comparative economics are presented for full-range technologies (Chevron Phillips, INEOS, Shell, SABIC/Linde, Axens, Idemitsu) and on-purpose production of butene-1 (Axens, Zeon), hexene-1 (Chevron Phillips, Axens, Sasol), and octene-1 (Dow, Sasol). A regional market overview is also included.
This techno-economic report focuses on the process technologies for meta-xylene recovery and key derivative isophthalic acid. The IPA market has grown both from expansion of the PET industry and through increasing demand for adhesives and sealants. The IPA industry consists of a handful of players, with about nine producers in seven countries. The industry has mostly developed through the conversion of old PTA facilities and swing PTA/IPA operation. The report profiles the major global technology holders, provides process economics for different production routes, and summarizes commercial applications and market drivers for isophthalic acid.