This report compares the various options for lowering carbon intensity of ethylene production via technoeconomic, carbon intensity, and strategic analysis. Regional cost and carbon intensity baselines, comparative carbon intensities (including breakdown and analysis by Scope 1, 2, and 3 Emissions) of decarbonization configurations, cost of productions, and impacts of carbon tax/credits on competitiveness (including break-even values) are analyzed across four regions: US, Brazil, China, and Western Europe. Additional regions/countries are available as an add-on.
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This report will identify and evaluate practical technologies, processes, and products that can help fertilizer producers, distributors, and users meet sustainability goals and mandates. It will provide a road map to satisfy sustainability pressures on the fertilizer sector. Companies that have the right products and practices to succeed in an environment that features digital farming, regenerative agriculture, etc. will be identified. In addition, the report will describe the sustainability issues that are driving change in the competitive landscape of the fertilizer sector.
This report examines the technical, economic and business aspects of thermolysis (i.e., pyrolysis and gasification) of mixed plastics waste. Analyses of the mixed plastics waste and the thermolysis plant location are included in the report. Selected developers of pyrolysis and gasification technologies are profiled and ranked under different criteria. The economic analysis of thermolysis technologies (involving the production of syn-naphtha and methanol) and olefins production (i.e., ethylene and byproduct propylene) are provided for different geographic regions. In addition, the report includes an analysis of the regional competitiveness and profitability in the USGC, WE, and China of olefins production compared with various oil price scenarios. Strategic and business considerations are also included in the report.
Although hydrogen is the most abundant element on earth, it does not exist in nature in in its pure form and needs to be extracted from different (often very strong) molecules (e.g. water or hydrocarbons). This usually results in expensive (energy intensive) production economics. This report examines possible demand scenarios where hydrogen will be adopted as an energy carrier in various “new” applications and what it will take to actually produce this amount of hydrogen from an economic and market perspective. Conclusions are drawn on the realistic implementation of hydrogen as an energy carrier, especially in the transportation sector.
Solar photovoltaics (PV) and wind are economically attractive and financially viable options to produce clean energy with no carbon emissions. Since solar PV and wind are intermittent energy sources, they inherently cannot be dispatched on a baseload basis, nor be counted on to supply peak demand.
This report will provide a comprehensive strategic analysis across the surfactants value chain including the synthetic and natural oil-based suppliers, and the formulators. In particular, the study will examine how formulators view their supply options in the prevailing feedstock environment, and what is the potential value of innovation in this value chain.
This study analyzes the technical, commercial, and environmental status of the solvent industry by its major markets and explains the drivers for using green solvents. Green solvents included in this report are a combination of biorenewable chemicals and more environmentally friendly and safer alternatives to traditional solvents.
This report characterizes the sources and current dispositions of MSW and trends, reviews policy and economic trends that are affecting the composition of the waste stream globally, and explores waste management strategies that will reduce the dependence on traditional landfilling and incineration. This report describes and analyzes the technologies and economics of recovering various material and energy resources from mixed MSW stream. It also looks at utilizing MSW fractions (such as food waste, paper and plastic) for producing energy, biofuels, and renewable chemicals, in a variety of key ways.
Overall techno-economic feasibility of commercial bio-naphtha production and steam cracking is investigated in this report. Various biofeedstocks and potential locations have been incorporated into the technological and production cost analyses of the leading process technologies within the study. Global production, consumption, and trade patterns of the major steam cracker products are included.
This report analyzes the production of butanol from renewable sources and associated downstream markets. Technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing biobutanol by different process technologies are compared and discussed. The various alternatives to convert biobutanols into chemical and polymer products, as well as supplying the large existing markets, are also examined.